抱薪救火

抱薪救火的同义词

抱薪救火的扩展阅读

抱薪救火 - 成语资料

  【汉字书写】抱薪救火


  【汉语注音】bào xīn jiù huǒ
  【成语释义】抱着柴草去救火。比喻用错误的方法去消除灾祸,结果使灾祸反而扩大。薪,柴草。
  【感情色彩】贬义词
  【语法结构】连动式
  【成语用法】一般作谓语、宾语、定语、宾语。比喻没能阻止,反而扩大了灾祸。常用来比喻人惹了祸事,自讨苦吃。含贬义。
  【近 义 词】 火上浇油、 饮鸩止渴、 引足救经、 适得其反、 南辕北辙、 负薪救火
  【反 义 词】 雪中送炭、根除祸患、 釜底抽薪
抱薪救火 - 成语出处

  西汉· 司马迁《 史记· 魏世家》:“且夫以地事秦,譬犹抱薪救火,薪不尽,火不灭。”
  《 战国策·魏策》:“以地事秦,譬如抱薪而救火也,薪不尽而火不止。”
抱薪救火 - 历史典故

中文

  战国时代, 魏国老是受到 秦国的侵略。魏国的安釐王即位后,秦国加紧了进攻,魏国连连战败。安釐王元年,秦国进攻魏国,魏国失去了两个城镇;第二年,魏国又失去了三个城镇,不仅如此,秦国的军队当时还直逼魏国的 都城,形势十分危急。 韩国派兵来救,但也被 秦军打败。魏国没有办法,只得割让了土地,才算了结了战争;可是到了第三年,秦国又发动进攻,强占了魏国的两个城镇,并杀死了数万人。第四年,秦国更把魏、韩、赵三国军队,一起打得大败,杀死兵士十五万人;魏国的大将芒卯也因此失踪。
  魏国军队的接连败北,使安釐王坐卧不安。此时,魏国军队的另一位大将段干子也十分恐惧,为了苟安,便向安釐王建议,把 南阳割给秦国,请求罢兵议和,安釐王本来对秦军的进攻十分害怕,以为割让土地就可以求得太平,便照着段干子的话做了。
  当时有个叫苏代的,是一贯主张“合纵抗秦”的 苏秦的弟弟,他也极力主张各诸侯国联合起来抵抗秦国。苏代得知魏国割地求合的事后,就对安釐王说:“侵略者都是贪得无厌的,你想用领土、权利,去换取和平,是办不到的,只要你国土还在,就无法满足侵略的欲望。这好比抱着柴草去救火,柴草一把一把地投入火中,火怎么能扑灭呢?柴草一天不烧完,火是一天不会熄灭的。”尽管苏代讲得头头是道,但是胆小的安釐王只顾眼前的太平,一味地委屈求和,根本不听苏代的话,还是依大臣们的意见把魏国大片土地割让给秦国。到公元前225年,果然秦军又向魏国大举进攻,包围了国都大梁,掘开 黄河大堤让洪水淹没了大梁城,魏国终于被秦国灭掉了。

英语

  Carrying Faggots to Put Out a Fire
  In the last years of the Warring States period, the State of Qin attacked the State of Wei on a large scale repeatedly and occupied large areas of land, for the State of Wei was too weak to defend itself. In 273 B.B., the qin army launched another attack upon the State of Wei with a momentum more vigorous than ever. The king of the State of Wei summoned his officials,and asked with a worried look if anyone co uld propose a way to defeat the Qin army. After years of chaos caused by the wars,the officials trembled when fighting was mentioned, and no one dared to speak of resistance. At the critical moment when a large enemy force was bearing down upon the border, most of the offinials persuaded the king to sue for peace, at the cost of giving away to the State of Qin the large area of land north of the Huanghe River and south of the Taihang Mountain. However Su Dai, a counsellor, did not agree. He hurried up to the king and said:"Your Majesty, they don't think about the interests of the country at all .It is just because they are cowardly and afraid of death that they ask you to sue for peace by betraying the country. Of course you can temperarily satisfy the ambition of the king of the State of Qin is insatiably greedy. It will never stop assaulting us until our land is totally given away."Once there was a man whose house was on fire. People told him to put out the fire with water, but he would not listen. Instead, he carried a faggot to put out the fire, only to make the fire fiercer. That was because he didn't know that,instead of putting out the fire, faggots could only make it burning more vigorously. Isn't it equivalent to carrying faggots to put out a fire if you agree to sue for peace at the cost of the land of the State of Wei?"Though Su Dai's argument was very convincing, the king accepted the suggestion of those officials and gave away to the State of Qin a large area of the land of the State of Wei. For the king of the State of Wei was cowardly and only cared for peace at the moment. As might be expected,the Qin army assaulted the State of Wei on a large scale in 225 B.C.,surrounding the capital city Daliang and flooding it by digging open the dykes of the Huanghe River.The State of Wei was finally destroyed by the State of Qin.This story appears in the Historical Records Written by Sima Qian.The set phrase"carrying faggots to put out a fire"is used to mean adopting a wrong method to save a situation and ending up by making it worse.

解析

  面对着强秦的步步紧逼,胆小懦弱的魏安釐王看不清其虎狼的本质,一味地只知道妥协退让,割地求和,换取短暂的安宁,这无疑是抱着柴草去救火,结果只会让强秦的贪婪欲火越烧越旺,最终只落得个国破家亡的惨剧。这残酷的教训告诉我们用错误的方法去消除灾祸,不但不能消除灾祸,反而只会使灾祸继续扩大。它告诫我们解决问题或消除灾祸,只有看清事物本质,认真分析研究,找出正确的方法去处理,才会有助于问题的解决和灾祸的消除。
抱薪救火 - 成语辨析

  【辨形】薪:不能写作“新”。
抱薪救火 - 成语示例

  1. 当我们遇到了需要帮助的人,应该用正确的方法帮助他,而不是 抱薪救火
  2. 遇到困难应冷静思考,用正确的方法解决, 抱薪救火,只会适得其反。
  3.为了把经济搞上去,就毁林开荒,这无疑于是 抱薪救火
  4.他们俩吵架,你不劝,反而也加进去,你这不是 抱薪救火吗?

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